To stand a chance of passing the CCNA exam you need to ensure you prepare thoroughly. Don't expect to be able to read a CCNA study guide and be ready to sit the exam. The CCNA exam is hard and it will cost you $295 each time you take it. Here are some of the things you should be doing to ensure you can recall all the CCNA information from memory during the exam:

1.) Practice answering exam style questions using CCNA simulation questions
2.) Use CCNA flashcards to help commit the CCNA syllabus to long term memory
3.) Create your own set of CCNA revision notes
4.) Practice your IOS commands either on real Cisco routers and switches or a CCNA router simulator
5.) Read through your revision notes frequently, and take practice tests often

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CCNA Syllabus

The CCNA syllabus is comprised of both the ICND1 (CCENT) syllabus and the ICND2 syllabus.

These are the topics you will need to master to pass Cisco's CCNA exam.

To learn the all the theory and configurations required to pass the CCNA exam, enroll in our online CCNA video bootcamp.

You will enjoy learning by watching videos, playing games, configuring Cisco equipment in your own lab.

When you're ready to take the exam, you can use our extensive suite of CCNA practice questions, flashcards and cheatsheet revision notes to ensure you pass first time!

Try our online CCNA video training today!

ICND2 Syllabus

Theses exam topics are guidelines for the content likely to be included on the Cisco Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 (ICND2) exam.

Configure a switched network with VLANs and verify and troubleshoot interswitch communications

  • Understand switching technologies such as VTP, RSTP, VLAN, PVSTP, and 802.1q
  • Understand how devices on separate VLANs communicate
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLANs
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLAN trunking with Cisco switches
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot interVLAN routing
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VTP and RSTP
  • Use SHOW and DEBUG commands to verify the operation and status of a Cisco switched network
  • Implement switch security, by configuring port security, trunk access etc

Implement an IP addressing scheme for a medium-size Enterprise branch office network

  • Design, calculate and apply a VLSM IP addressing scheme to a network
  • Use the appropriate classless addressing scheme with VLSM and summarization to meet the addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN internetwork
  • Describe IPv6 addresses
  • Describe the technological requirements for running IPv6, such as protocols, dual stack, tunneling
  • Troubleshoot and rectify common problems associated with IP addressing and host configurations

Configure and troubleshoot basic operation and routing on Cisco devices

  • Verify router hardware and software operation using SHOW & DEBUG commands
  • Compare the different methods of routing and routing protocols
  • Configure, verify and troubleshoot EIGRP
  • Configure, verify and troubleshoot OSPF
  • Verify network configuration and connectivity using ping, traceroute, and telnet or SSH
  • Troubleshoot routing problems
  • Implement basic router security

Implement, verify, and troubleshoot NAT and ACLs

  • Describe the types of access control lists and their purpose
  • Configure and apply access control lists for network filtering
  • Configure and apply an access control list to limit telnet and SSH access to a router
  • Verify and monitor and troubleshoot access control lists
  • Understand and explain the basic operation of NAT
  • Configure Network Address Translation using CLI
  • Troubleshoot NAT

Implement and verify WAN links

  • Configure and verify Frame Relay on Cisco routers
  • Troubleshoot WAN implementation issues
  • Describe the importance, benefits and role of VPN technology
  • Configure and verify PPP a connection between Cisco routers

ICND1 Syllabus

Theses exam topics are guidelines for the content likely to be included on the Cisco Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 1 (ICND1) exam.

Operation of computer networks

  • Describe the functions and uses of network devices
  • Select the components required to design a specific network
  • Explain how data flows in a network using the OSI and TCP/IP models and their protocols
  • Describe common networking applications
  • Understand the purpose of protocols in the OSI and TCP models
  • Describe how applications such as VoIP might impact a network
  • Interpret and understand network diagrams
  • Determine the path between two hosts across a network
  • Describe the devices and software required for network and Internet communication
  • Identify and troubleshoot common network problems at OSI layers 1, 2, 3 and 7
  • Distinguish between LAN/WAN features

Build a small switched network

  • Determine the best media, cables, ports, and connectors to interconnect switches to other network devices and hosts
  • Understand media access control method for Ethernet technologies
  • Explain network segmentation concepts
  • Understand basic switching concepts
  • Explain the operation of Cisco switches
  • Perform initial switch configuration, verify the configuration and save to NVRAM
  • Verify network status using ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH, arp, ipconfig, SHOW & DEBUG commands
  • Implement and verify port security on a switch
  • Identify and troubleshoot common switched network cabling issues, configuration issues, and switch hardware failures

Implement an IP addressing scheme for a small branch office

  • Design and apply an addressing scheme to a network
  • Assign valid IP addresses to networking devices in a LAN
  • Explain the operation of NAT in a small network connecting to one ISP
  • Describe and verify DNS operation
  • Describe the benefits of using private and public IP addressing and its operation
  • Enable NAT for a small network with a single ISP and connection using SDM and verify operation
  • Configure, verify and troubleshoot the operation of DHCP and DNS
  • Implement static and dynamic addressing for hosts in a LAN
  • Troubleshoot IP addressing issues

Implement a small routed network

  • Describe basic routing concepts
  • Describe the operation of Cisco routers and router components
  • Select the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect routers to other network devices
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIPv2
  • Use the router CLI to configure basic parameters
  • Connect, configure, and verify operation status of an interface
  • Verify configuration and network connectivity using ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH
  • Create and verify static or default routes given specific requirements
  • Manage IOS configuration files such as save, edit, upgrade, and restore
  • Manage Cisco IOS
  • Implement password and physical security on devices
  • Verify network status and router operation using ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH, arp, ipconfig, SHOW & DEBUG commands


  • Describe standards associated with wireless media
  • Describe the purpose of the components in a wireless network
  • Ensure that devices can connect to the correct access point
  • Compare and contrast wireless security features and capabilities of WPA security
  • Identify common issues with implementing wireless networks

Identify security threats to a network and describe how to mitigate those threats

  • Explain various network security threats and the need to for a comprehensive security policy
  • Explain methods to mitigate common security threats to network devices, hosts, and applications
  • Describe the functions of common security appliances and applications
  • Describe the recommended security practices to secure network devices

Implement and verify WAN links

  • Describe the different methods for connecting to a WAN
  • Configure and verify a basic WAN serial connection


Here are the latest CCNA exam fees from Pearson VUE, scroll down to find your country.



CCENT stands for Cisco Certified Entry level Network Technician.  Cisco launched the CCENT is 2008 to help make gaining a networking certification easier.  Before the CCENT existed the CCNA was Cisco’s entry level qualification.

As a networking student, you now have two routes to gaining the popular CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) certification.  You can either take one exam or take two exams (ICND1 and ICND2).  When you pass the ICND1 you get the CCENT certification, then when you pass the second exam (ICND2) you will be CCNA certified.

Certification Exams
CCENT Pass one exam - ICND1

Two options:
Pass one CCNA exam or pass ICND1 and ICND2 exam

Each ICND exam is approximately half the CCNA syllabus giving you the time and flexibility to gain a certification (CCENT) and learn the subject matter in more depth while working towards your CCNA.

If you are fairly new to networking it would be preferable to take earn the CCENT certification first (by taking the ICND1 exam) rather than trying to learn all the knowledge required to pass the CCNA in one go.    On the other hand if you have been working in IT for some time and already have a good understanding of networking you may prefer to take the CCNA exam straight away.  Take a look at the pros and cons of obtaining your CCNA via the CCENT route below.

Pros and Cons for CCENT


Pros Cons
Less to study and memorise You will pay for two exams (ICND1 and 2)
Less pressure/commitment on yourself Takes longer to pass the CCNA
Learn the subjects in more depth CCENT is not as well known as CCNA
Get a CCENT qualification when you pass You won’t be able to apply for CCNA jobs
  Your knowledge will be tested to a greater depth over two exams because its roughly twice as many questions than CCNA exam

Taking the CCNA Exam in India

We get a lot of emails asking how much it costs to sit the CCNA exam in India and how to locate a test center.  Well as of May 2012 the price is $295 USD.  You can check the latest price on the Pearson VUE price list, just look for the 640-802 exam code.

Locate a Cisco Test Center in India

Cisco CCNA exams delivered by a company called Pearson VUE.  Go to this page to find a CCNA test center in India.  Choose India from the drop down menu and then select your region.


8 Tips to Help you Cram for your CCNA

Here are some tips for helping to cram for the CCNA exam.

  1. Restrict your revision to the exam topics on the CCNA syllabus
  2. Concentrate on the subjects where your knowledge is weak
  3. Buy a good CCNA certification book such as Todd Lammle's CCNA Study Guide
  4. Buy a CCNA exam simulator or use our free CCNA test engine
  5. Create a single page of revision notes per topic, you may want to use our CCNA cheat sheet as a starting point
  6. Book your exam in advance to give you some motivation
  7. Review your revision notes and start to memorize the information
  8. Condense your notes, add sketches, diagrams, mnemonics to aid your memory

CCNA Exam is not all Multiple Choice

Unfortunately Cisco CCNA exam questions are not all multiple choice like our CCNA Test.  They vary from question-to-question and can include the following types of question.

  • Multiple Choice – Select the best answer from a choice of answers.
  • True/False – Identify the true statement from a selection of statements.
  • Select Multiple Correct Answers – Select all the answers that apply. You are told how many answer options you need to choose.
  • Select All That Apply – Select all the answers that apply. You are NOT told how many answer options you need to choose.
  • Freeform Response – No answer choices are provided, you are required to input your response.
  • Exhibit – You are given a diagram or configuration and asked questions relating to it.
  • Scenarios – Asks a question that you might face in the real world.
  • Simulations – Tests your ability to fix and configure Cisco devices.

CCNA Pass Mark

Cisco does not publish the pass mark required to gain the CCNA qualification.  Cisco’s exam policies state that the CCNA “passing scores are set using statistical analysis and are subject to change.” “Cisco does not publish exam passing scores because exam questions and passing scores are subject to change without notice.”

However the general consensus on CCNA forums and websites is that an average pass mark of around 85% (850/1000) is required to pass the CCNA exam.