Both the CCNA and CCNP are part of Cisco Systems IT certification program.

There are five levels of certifications in Cisco's certification program. They start with the entry-level CCENT and progress through to the associate-level CCNA, professional-level CCNP, expert-level CCIE and finish with the Cisco Certified Architect.  The Cisco Certified Architect it is the highest level of accreditation achievable within the Cisco certification program.

There are also more specialized certifications such as the CCNA Voice, CCNP Voice, CCNA Wireless, CCDP, CCIE Security. The diagram above only shows the most common Cisco certifications at each level.

In order to begin studying for a professional-level certification such as the CCNP you need to pass the CCNA exam first, however you don't need to get the CCENT certification to take the CCNA exam. Read more about the CCENT and CCNA.



MCSE is a Microsoft IT certification. It used to stand for Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE), but Microsoft has since updated the certification to maintain its relevance in today's market where IT infrastructure and services are increasingly being put into the cloud. MCSE now stands for Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert and now covers on-premise and cloud-based IT solutions.

MCSE is a recognized and respected IT industry certification that has been around for 20 years. It now covers a broader set of technologies at a deeper level and places a lot of emphasis on cutting-edge technologies, all of which will be biased toward Microsoft software.


CCNA is a Cisco Systems IT certification. It stands for Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA). It is a networking qualification that validates your ability to install, configure and troubleshoot medium-sized switched and routed networks, connecting to remote sites using WAN technologies.

CCNA is a highly regarded IT networking certification which is also a stepping-stone to more advanced Cisco certifications like the CCNP (Cisco Certified Network Professional) and CCIE (Cisco Certified Network Expert).

Read more about the CCNA certification.

CCNA Tutorial

In order to learn all the skills required to pass the CCNA exam you need a series of educational tools that:

  • Teach you the required syllabus in a easy to learn manner
  • Help you recall facts and figures to trigger long term memory
  • Teach you how to perform subnetting calculations by repetition
  • Configure and troubleshoot Cisco equipment using actual Cisco kit
  • Make learning fun and interactive by playing educational games
  • Provide motivation and help to get you through the course and exam
  • Enable you to learn and absorb the topics at your own pace

Our online CCNA boot camp does all of this and more!

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CCNA Syllabus

The CCNA syllabus is comprised of both the ICND1 (CCENT) syllabus and the ICND2 syllabus.

These are the topics you will need to master to pass Cisco's CCNA exam.

To learn the all the theory and configurations required to pass the CCNA exam, enroll in our online CCNA video bootcamp.

You will enjoy learning by watching videos, playing games, configuring Cisco equipment in your own lab.

When you're ready to take the exam, you can use our extensive suite of CCNA practice questions, flashcards and cheatsheet revision notes to ensure you pass first time!

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ICND2 Syllabus

Theses exam topics are guidelines for the content likely to be included on the Cisco Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 (ICND2) exam.

Configure a switched network with VLANs and verify and troubleshoot interswitch communications

  • Understand switching technologies such as VTP, RSTP, VLAN, PVSTP, and 802.1q
  • Understand how devices on separate VLANs communicate
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLANs
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLAN trunking with Cisco switches
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot interVLAN routing
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VTP and RSTP
  • Use SHOW and DEBUG commands to verify the operation and status of a Cisco switched network
  • Implement switch security, by configuring port security, trunk access etc

Implement an IP addressing scheme for a medium-size Enterprise branch office network

  • Design, calculate and apply a VLSM IP addressing scheme to a network
  • Use the appropriate classless addressing scheme with VLSM and summarization to meet the addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN internetwork
  • Describe IPv6 addresses
  • Describe the technological requirements for running IPv6, such as protocols, dual stack, tunneling
  • Troubleshoot and rectify common problems associated with IP addressing and host configurations

Configure and troubleshoot basic operation and routing on Cisco devices

  • Verify router hardware and software operation using SHOW & DEBUG commands
  • Compare the different methods of routing and routing protocols
  • Configure, verify and troubleshoot EIGRP
  • Configure, verify and troubleshoot OSPF
  • Verify network configuration and connectivity using ping, traceroute, and telnet or SSH
  • Troubleshoot routing problems
  • Implement basic router security

Implement, verify, and troubleshoot NAT and ACLs

  • Describe the types of access control lists and their purpose
  • Configure and apply access control lists for network filtering
  • Configure and apply an access control list to limit telnet and SSH access to a router
  • Verify and monitor and troubleshoot access control lists
  • Understand and explain the basic operation of NAT
  • Configure Network Address Translation using CLI
  • Troubleshoot NAT

Implement and verify WAN links

  • Configure and verify Frame Relay on Cisco routers
  • Troubleshoot WAN implementation issues
  • Describe the importance, benefits and role of VPN technology
  • Configure and verify PPP a connection between Cisco routers

ICND1 Syllabus

Theses exam topics are guidelines for the content likely to be included on the Cisco Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 1 (ICND1) exam.

Operation of computer networks

  • Describe the functions and uses of network devices
  • Select the components required to design a specific network
  • Explain how data flows in a network using the OSI and TCP/IP models and their protocols
  • Describe common networking applications
  • Understand the purpose of protocols in the OSI and TCP models
  • Describe how applications such as VoIP might impact a network
  • Interpret and understand network diagrams
  • Determine the path between two hosts across a network
  • Describe the devices and software required for network and Internet communication
  • Identify and troubleshoot common network problems at OSI layers 1, 2, 3 and 7
  • Distinguish between LAN/WAN features

Build a small switched network

  • Determine the best media, cables, ports, and connectors to interconnect switches to other network devices and hosts
  • Understand media access control method for Ethernet technologies
  • Explain network segmentation concepts
  • Understand basic switching concepts
  • Explain the operation of Cisco switches
  • Perform initial switch configuration, verify the configuration and save to NVRAM
  • Verify network status using ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH, arp, ipconfig, SHOW & DEBUG commands
  • Implement and verify port security on a switch
  • Identify and troubleshoot common switched network cabling issues, configuration issues, and switch hardware failures

Implement an IP addressing scheme for a small branch office

  • Design and apply an addressing scheme to a network
  • Assign valid IP addresses to networking devices in a LAN
  • Explain the operation of NAT in a small network connecting to one ISP
  • Describe and verify DNS operation
  • Describe the benefits of using private and public IP addressing and its operation
  • Enable NAT for a small network with a single ISP and connection using SDM and verify operation
  • Configure, verify and troubleshoot the operation of DHCP and DNS
  • Implement static and dynamic addressing for hosts in a LAN
  • Troubleshoot IP addressing issues

Implement a small routed network

  • Describe basic routing concepts
  • Describe the operation of Cisco routers and router components
  • Select the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect routers to other network devices
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIPv2
  • Use the router CLI to configure basic parameters
  • Connect, configure, and verify operation status of an interface
  • Verify configuration and network connectivity using ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH
  • Create and verify static or default routes given specific requirements
  • Manage IOS configuration files such as save, edit, upgrade, and restore
  • Manage Cisco IOS
  • Implement password and physical security on devices
  • Verify network status and router operation using ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH, arp, ipconfig, SHOW & DEBUG commands


  • Describe standards associated with wireless media
  • Describe the purpose of the components in a wireless network
  • Ensure that devices can connect to the correct access point
  • Compare and contrast wireless security features and capabilities of WPA security
  • Identify common issues with implementing wireless networks

Identify security threats to a network and describe how to mitigate those threats

  • Explain various network security threats and the need to for a comprehensive security policy
  • Explain methods to mitigate common security threats to network devices, hosts, and applications
  • Describe the functions of common security appliances and applications
  • Describe the recommended security practices to secure network devices

Implement and verify WAN links

  • Describe the different methods for connecting to a WAN
  • Configure and verify a basic WAN serial connection


Here are the latest CCNA exam fees from Pearson VUE, scroll down to find your country.


CCNA Video Tutorials

  • Over 10½ hours of high quality CCNA video lessons that cover the whole CCNA syllabus ready to watch online
  • Videos include 30 lab walkthroughs to help you grasp the key configuration techniques
  • Printable workbooks accompany each lesson to help reinforce the knowledge you’ll learn with pop quizzes, fill in the blanks and a handy list of commands covered in each video
  • Complete printable IOS configurations for you to recreate in your own lab
  • 13 interactive games to make learning networking fun
  • Master subnetting with our Subnetting Made Easy eBook
  • Practice IOS configurations on our online simulator
  • Get ready for the exam with over 650 practice questions on every CCNA topic
  • And over 300 flashcards to help you recall important facts and commands
  • Plus download our popular CCNA cheat sheet to help you cram for the exam

Find out more about our CCNA Video Bootcamp and how to enroll.

CCNA Salary

The graph below shows typical jobs that require the CCNA certification in your country, plus the average local salary for each job type.